May Have Paleolithic Human in Mongolia Ingested Huge Camel?

Archaeologists have found the remains of Camelus knoblochi hunted by Paleolithic Human in Mongolia. Dated to between 59,000 and 44,000 years ago.


A species of huge two-humped camel, Camelus knoblochi, lived in Mongolia with modern humans until 27,000 years ago, as stated by a statement released by Frontiers. Fossilized relics of the huge two-humped camel have been found in Tsagaan Agui Cave with artifacts left behind by Paleolithic huzman.

One metacarpal bone, dated to between 59,000 and 44,000 years ago, bears butchery marks and marks made by gnawing hyenas, said Arina M. Khatsenovich. The main cause of Camelus knoblochi’s extinction seems to have been climate change, hunting by archaic humans may also have played a role.

Camelus knoblochi fossil remains from Tsagaan Agui Cave, which also contains a rich, stratified sequence of human Paleolithic cultural material, suggest that archaic people coexisted and interacted there with C. knoblochi and otherwhere, contemporaneously, with the wild Bactrian camel, said Olsen.

Or into extinction by desertification?

The five C. knoblochi leg and foot bones were found in association with bones of wolves, wild sheep, cave hyenas, wild donkeys, rhinoceroses, horses, ibexes and Mongolian gazelles. This collection show that C. knoblochi lived in montane and lowland steppe environments.

Huge camel

In the late Pleistocene, large of Mongolia’s environment became drier and finally desert.

“Clearly, C. knoblochi was less fited to desert biomes, cause such landscapes may not support huge animals, but as it may be there were other reasons, related to the availability of fresh water and the ability of camels to store water within the body, less fited mechanisms of thermoregulation, poorly adapted mechanisms of thermoregulation, and competition from other members of the faunal community occupying the same trophic niche,” wrote the authors.

The C. knoblochi finally went extinct primarily because it was not tolerant of desertification.

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