In 1931, Serbian archaeologist Miloje Vasić discovered a pit containing a human skeleton while studying the archaeological site of Vinča-Belo Brdo on the outskirts of Belgrade, Serbia. And as expected, this bone hole could be the scene of a crime.
Discovered mass graves.
In his diary, Vasić described the discovery as “a sanctuary with a disc”, in which nine human skeletons were found.
The explanations do not rule out that it was a mass burial, but based on a recent analysis of the original photographic material, the location of the dead has raised the question of whether the burial was a phenomenon. Neolithic crime school or not.
Vinča-Belo Brdo coordinates.
The layered site of Vinča-Belo Brdo (later named for the Neolithic culture of Southeast Europe) is located about 14 km from the center of Belgrade. It was inhabited from the Early Neolithic in the 6th millennium BC (Starčevo culture) throughout the Middle and Late Neolithic (Vinča culture), the Bronze Age, the Late Neolithic, and the Bronze Age. Bronze Age, Iron Age, to the Middle Ages.
The first archaeological excavations took place from 1908 until 1934 (interrupted due to the Balkan Wars and the Second World War). Thereafter, excavations continued from 1978 to 1986, with further studies under the direction of N. N. Tasić from 1998 to the present.
The site reveals only a few finds from the Starčevo period, so the mausoleum with the dromos is of particular interest since it was built by the Starčevo culture.
The first anthropological analysis of the nine skeletons was performed in 1937 by anthropologist I. Schwidetzky, however, after World War II, only skull fragments from the burial sites remained. After more than 70 years, they will be anthropologically examined again by researchers from the Archaeological Laboratory, Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Belgrade.
In a study published in the journal Documenta Praehistorica XLVIII, anthropological analysis revealed that there were actually 12 adults buried instead of nine, and this likely represents a crime scene. Neolithic crime, rather than the typical Starčevo burial rite.
Two female skulls and one male skull have been identified, while the sexes of the remaining nine skulls have yet to be determined. Only one individual was a young adult (15-18 years old), while the others were adults (20-40 years old). The average height of these people was 161 cm, which is close to the average height of the Neolithic people of this region.
Traces of violence.
Typical burial practices of the Starčevo culture include the deceased being buried on the left or right side in a crouched (fetus) position. However, photographic evidence suggests that this was not the case, suggesting either a violent death or that the dead were buried in a disrespectful manner. This is evidenced by the blunt force trauma marks found on two of the skulls.
Photographic evidence also supports this as it shows that the left leg of a skeleton is placed on the back (which cannot be done without classifying the leg), while the right leg is fractured with a femur.
Based on absolute dating, it has been confirmed that the tomb belongs to the Starčevo culture, and the nine individuals are dated between 5700 and 5500 BC respectively. Although several of the deceased were buried at the same time, this is not a simultaneous burial of 12 people, which adds to the mystery of whether this is indeed a Stone Age crime scene new or not.